Cambodian Paris Peace Agreement 1991
In this sense, the main political objective of the agreement was to remove Cambodia from the international agenda and allow the country to recover from a generation of upheaval and conflict under an internationally recognized government. As a U.S. official involved in the peace talks told me in 2012, “The Paris Accords essentially created a framework that would put politics back in Cambodia`s hands.” Meanwhile, for the PCPP, the Paris Accords have been subsumed into the party`s own founding myths, as evidenced by Hun Sen`s remarks on the occasion of the agreement`s anniversary. Hun Sen argued that Paris would never have happened without the meetings between him and Prince Norodom Sihanouk, which took place in France in 1987. Twenty-six years later, there is an urgent need for the international community to act decisively to ensure that Cambodia`s democratic vision, outlined in the Paris Peace Accords, is not completely abandoned. In the statement, the Cambodian People`s Party (CPP) government was accused by Hun Sen of violating the terms of the Paris Agreements and the Cambodian Constitution that he helped create by allowing the Chinese military to operate from Cambodian soil. In July 2019, the Wall Street Journal claimed that the two countries had signed a secret agreement allowing China access to the Ream naval base in the Gulf of Thailand. Similar suspicions also exist with a significant tourism development supported by China, higher up the coast. The Cambodian government has vigorously denied these reports.
The Paris Peace Accords created clear legal obligations for signatories, including the obligation to immediately hold appropriate consultations with members of the Paris Conference in the event of a breach of the agreements.  These commitments still exist today, despite Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen`s recent assertion that “the Paris Peace Agreement is like a spirit.”  Mr. Joko Widodo, President, Republic of Indonesia (Co-Chair of the 1991 Paris Conference on Cambodia) The real origin of the Paris Peace Agreement was more banal. In 1991, Cambodia was most of its history as an independent nation at war, destabilized by the broader struggle between the belligerent superpowers. . . .